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Aviation in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan Aviation

Uzbekistan is a proud country in a region often overlooked by the world of aviation, but it plans to be a force to be reckoned with. However, government regulations have made many ask whether the country can get out of its own way, and become an aviation juggernaut like Singapore or Rwanda? Let’s explore the aviation landscape of the country.

Like other Central Asian countries, aviation is the preferred long-distance transport option for Uzbekistan thanks to a large geographical footprint, a lack of sea access (along with Liechtenstein, Uzbekistan is one of two doubly landlocked countries), and lack of developed rail infrastructure. Besides, the country has a unique twisting shape that makes travel by land significantly longer than travel by air. The country is surrounded by five neighbors, Kazakhstan to the north, Kyrgyzstan to the northeast, Tajikistan to the southeast, Afghanistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the south-west.

While aviation has all the ingredients for success in the country, two main issues are holding back its development, one for airlines and another challengin airports.

Which airlines fly in Uzbekistan?

According to the Ch-Aviation database, there is only a single airline in Uzbekistan with an IATA code – Uzbekistan Airways.

This carrier is a state-run operation that actually has a very modern fleet and an extensive route network. Like many other state operations, it has access to materials and exclusive rights to its domestic operations. It has a fleet of 33 aircraft, 13 of which are parked, ranging from small A320s up to Boeing 787 Dreamliners. As there is only one airline in the country, it is afforded certain luxuries that other countries carriers don’t have – special deals at airports, lower fuel prices, and a government said to block other market entrants (both foreign and domestic startups).

In recent news, the government has made efforts to privatize the airline to help open up the country’s economy. Speaking to media, the Uzbek government said it might “allow a prestigious foreign company to manage Uzbekistan Airways.” However, these efforts might be in vain if the other issues are not solved first (see below).

But if this market is so lucrative, where are all the other airlines?

Startup Attempts

There are two key startups in the country, Humo Air and SilkJet.

Humo Air is a subsidiary of Uzbekistan Airways and is supposed to be a low-cost carrier to compete with other rivals in the region. However, so far, events in 2020 have sucked the life out of the local industry, and officials have decided that what little trade they have, should go to the mainline carrier. The certificate has been retained, but the airline is only operating very remote regional routes and helicopter connections.

SilkJet is a different story. It is a prospective operation with a $125 million US fund to start the countries first low-cost-carrier. They plan to ply the country’s domestic routes between airports with a fleet of Airbus A320neos and provide inexpensive travel to the countries citizens. Plans include a fleet of 41 aircraft, including special long-range A321s (like the XLR) performing long-haul network that connects Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.

However, this venture has failed to materialize thus far, with both the startup and the government blaming each other. The startup has said that meetings with the government have fallen on deaf ears and held up this business’s launch.

“The Ministry of Transport says that we have not handed over any documents to them,” the airline startup said to Ch-Aviation. “I suppose that they are referring to the delivery of a package of documents (an application) for obtaining an Air Operator’s Certificate (AOC). If so, the process is not just about the submission of documents. It includes a list of activities that also involve the hiring of staff for key positions in the airline, the writing of manuals, and much more.”

Other factors that hold up the airline’s foundation include a lack of a framework for unbundling air travel services. So far, there is no legislation for baggage fees, seat selection, non-refundable tickets, and even the ability to run a flight without serving a meal!

What is the Airport Landscape of Uzbekistan?

The second issue with Uzbekistan is its monopoly airport landscape. The country has 53 airports, 33 of which have paved runways, and six can take large Boeing 747 aircraft.

However, only Tashkent International Airport is running long-haul services to Europe and the Middle East (and is the third biggest airport in Central Asia), with an additional cargo facility operated by Hanjin Group (affiliated with Korean Airlines) for a fifth freedom Incheon-Navoi-Milan route. With its two terminals, the airport can handle up to two million passengers per year, although quickly reaching its limit, the government has delivered plans to relocate the airport by 2030.

Several other airports in the country cater to domestic aviation like Namangan Airport, Urgench International Airport, Fergana International Airport. Thanks to the country’s unique shape, these airports receive a large share of domestic traffic despite the planes flying over neighboring countries. However, no airlines in the country (the one-state carrier or start-ups) have attempted to launch a hub from one of these other airports despite the availability to do so.


Tashkent International Airport-Uzbekistan can handle up to two million passengers per year

These airport facilities fall under the same governing body, the Ministry of Transport and Uzbekistan Airports, and have been accused of price-fixing landing fees. Because there is no private investment, airport facilities are at the government’s mercy and thus must ensure the monopoly of government services (like Uzbekistan Airways). For there to be any change, airport services charges and ground handling and navigation fees would need to be standardized throughout the country – without Uzbekistan Airlines getting a better deal than others.

What is the Future of Uzbekistani Aviation?

Fortunately, the above is about to change. Following last year’s movement to an open-skies agreement with other countries, this June, the government instructed the ministerial department to rewrite the book on air travel and streamline access for new start-up airlines.

Plus, back in February, the government courted four different airlines to open up local domestic subsidiaries and open more fifth freedom routes (routes that allow the airline to go onwards to a second country without basing themselves in Uzbekistan).

The monopoly, which Uzbekistan Airways used to have, will no longer exist. At least five or six air carriers will appear in Uzbekistan in the next two or three years. These are precise forecasts. The volume of passengers carried is planned to be increased by two or even three times,” Transport Minister Elyor Ganiev said to Ch-Aviation in June. “Negotiations are underway with four companies. But while this is all at the stage of negotiations, it would be premature to announce anything.”

Part of this overhaul also includes airports that have been given the green light to be more welcoming to airlines. The airport authority has been instructed to reduce their aircraft ground handling costs by anywhere between 30 and 50 % and optimize their charges for passengers and freight transportation charges. Although it has yet to be seen if anything changes with SilkJet remarking that the conditions in the Uzbek market for a true low-cost carrier were not in place, neither in terms of tariff policy nor in terms of the volume and quality of the service provided [by Uzbekistan Airports].

Eways Aviation is a local expert in aviation in Central Asia and specializes in helping firms develop market access, AOG and MRO services, and aviation advice. If you want to be involved in the Uzbek market, then get in touch with us today.

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Aviation in Philippines

An Overview of the Airline Industry in the Philippines

he airline industry in the Philippines continues to be a booming business. This year, it is projected that the growth of the industry is going to be robust through various joint-agreements with our neighboring countries, as well as the expansions underway. One expansion project is the re-fleeting plan of the top airlines in the country, Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific. Specifically, Philippine Airlines is thinking of acquiring aircraft suitable for long-haul, which would increase the number of passenger traffic.

But what do we know of this industry aside from the large airplanes we see and travel with from time to time? Here are facts about the airline industry in the Philippines.

Timeline of the airline industry:

1931 – To handle the airline matters, the government created an office under of the Department of Commerce and Communications.
1941 – The first domestic airline, Philippine Airlines (PAL), was founded. PAL is now also the flag-carrier airline of the Philippines.
1952 – The Civil Aeronautics Board and the Civil Aeronautics Administration was reorganized due to the Republic Act 776.
1973 – As it is the sole domestic airline, Philippine Airlines (PAL) was virtually monopolizing the country’s aviation industry.
1974 – PAL continues to dominate the industry by having the monopoly on domestic travels.
1978 – The airline was given a new franchise, however, under a provision that the government regulated the fares.
1995 – The industry was liberalized with the establishment of domestic and international civil aviation liberalization policy and the government control was removed.
1999 – Competing airlines increased. Due to this, PAL’s market share decreased.

Moreover, here is the current airline industry in numbers:

According to the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, the country has 71 airports. Eleven of them can handle international flights. 32 of them only accommodate domestic travel, and 28 of them are primarily used for general navigation. The most prominent of these airports is the Ninoy Aquino International Airport, which is located in Pasay City. It has four terminals and can handle hundreds of both international and domestic flights every day, making it by far the busiest airport in the country.


In these airports are hundreds of planes coming in and out, handled by different airlines. There are four major commercial airlines in the country: Cebu Pacific, Air Asia, Philippine Airlines, and Skyjet. These airlines carry majority of the international and domestic flights in the country.


Air travel has made it easier for people to travel from place to place, no matter how far they are. Evidently, travelers can be considered the lifeblood of the airline industry. As of August 2016, more than 500 thousand tourists visited the Philippines, according to the data from the Department of Tourism. The majority of the visitors are coming in also from Asia, visitors coming from America coming second. These visitors primarily come through airports in Manila, Cebu, Kalibo, Clark, and Davao, respectively.


These facts can prove that this country can be a good training ground and place for pilots, because of its flourishing airline industry. There are many career and growth opportunities for aspiring pilots.


Aside from the booming airline industry, Philippines also have good flight schools, such as WCC Aviation School. They have the best instructors, facilities, and safety certifications that make them the perfect flight school. Visit their website for more information.

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MBBS in Uzbekistan

The system needs to be clarified to study MBBS in Uzbekistan

Students have had a strong preference for learning MBBS overseas in recent years. For medical students looking to study overseas, choosing to do their MBBS in Uzbekistan is one of the wisest choices.

Studying MBBS in Uzbekistan medical schools offers a higher standard of education and opportunities to practice healthcare, study diagnostics, handle patients, and treat local pathology.

This article will discuss the MBBS education system in Uzbekistan, which includes some important steps that must be clarified.

  • The Uzbekistan government offers low-cost medical courses for students, slightly higher than half of the medical course fees in other countries.
  • The Uzbek government has made English medium mandatory, which helps international students cope without facing language barriers.
  • The first criterion includes NEET qualification for the students.
  • The 10+2 percentage should be 50% – 55%.
  • Eligibility includes- 50% in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Aggregate)
  • The MBBS course duration in Uzbekistan is 6 years- 5 years of study and research plus 1 year of mandatory internship.
  • The system is free of any IELTS or TOEFL qualification.
  • Most of the Medical institutes in Uzbekistan are based on the same curriculum as the UK, USA, Canada etc.
  • Safety measures and self-development for every student have been one of the aims of the Uzbek government.

In addition, once they receive their MBBS from Uzbekistan, medical students are qualified to apply for a medical licensing examination and get a certificate allowing them to practice anywhere, both nationally and Internationally.

The table below lists the MBBS fees for the 2023–2024 academic year at Uzbekistan’s medical universities.

Name of the medical universitiesTotal fee+hostel for 6 years (in US Dollars)Tuition fee+hostel (in INR)
Samarkand State Medical Institute$19,20815,71,799.28
Bukhara State Medical Institute$21,50017,59,354.68
Andijan State Medical Institute$17,00013,91,117.65
First Tashkent Medical Academy$18,00014,72,774.40
Second Tashkent State Medical Institute19,00015,54,595.20
Tashkent State Dental Institute$22,50018,40,968.00

Note: 1 USD=  81.82

The MD House organization helps applicants to colleges in countries like Uzbekistan in various ways. They will offer guidance on enrolling in an Uzbekistan university with a high MCI ranking.

Students may make their ambitions to study MBBS in Uzbekistan a reality by enlisting the help of the MD House for efficient processing and thorough elucidation.

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MBBS in Philippines

MBBS in the Philippines is becoming increasingly popular among international students. More than 10000 international students travel to the Philippines to study MBBS. Continue reading to see why international students chose the Philippines over other nations.

MBBS in the Philippines is an excellent alternative in compassion to an MBBS program in China. Since the previous decade, studying MBBS in the Philippines has gained in popularity among international students. There are several reasons why you should pursue a medical degree in the Philippines. The primary reason is the inexpensive cost of education. Along with this, Top Colleges in the Philippines provide exceptional facilities and faculties to their students.

About the Philippines

The Philippines is divided into three geological zones: Mindanao, Luzon, and the Visayas. It is rich in biodiversity because of its topography, including the rolling hills, lush woodlands, agriculture, and coastline. It has a massive concentration of flora and fauna, making it one of the world’s most biologically diverse regions. 

Why study MBBS in the Philippines?

  • Medical universities in the Philippines are the most affordable in the world, with the lowest educational costs.
  • The educational system in the Philippines is modeled after that of the United States, with English as the language of teaching.
  • The Philippines has a literacy rate of more than 93%.
  • There is no policy on donations
  • The Philippines is the most populous English-speaking country in Asia and the world’s fifth-biggest English-speaking country.
  • It employs English as a medium of instruction in higher education.
  • The way of life is simple to adapt to. People are nicer, and the environment is more open and welcoming.
  • It is one of the safest places in the world for women.
  • The majority of colleges have IMED/ECFMG/WHO accreditation.

Courses Available in Philippines Medical Universities

In the Philippines, MBBS is known as MD, and it is a combination of a Bachelor of Science and a Doctor of Medicine. It is a six-year degree program that includes a one-year internship. The first 16 months of the degree are dedicated to the Bachelor of Science, with the remainder of the time dedicated to medical science and clinical training.

The Pre-Medicine program is followed by the M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) program. The first three years of an M.D. degree are devoted to pre-clinical, para-clinical, general medicine, surgery, clinical, and specialized disciplines such as pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, ENT, and so on. The last year of the medical program is devoted to clinical training at linked institutions. This is referred to as clinical rotation.

Duration of MBBS in the Philippines

  • MBBS courses are available at Filipino universities for six years.
  • Nursing studies are also available in MBBS colleges in the Philippines for 4 years.
  • Students studying general medicine must attend college for 5 years to finish the course.
  • Dentistry courses at Philippine colleges last 5 years and pharmacy courses over 4 years.

MBBS Syllabus in the Philippines.

  • The MBBS curriculum is broken into two sections: theoretical and practical.
  • Students must understand the fundamentals of an MBBS  course within the first three years of their study at medical universities in the Philippines.
  • The students will spend the following three years focusing on the application of theoretical knowledge.
  • Internships and practical training are provided to students throughout the program.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria in the Philippines

  • You have to be at least 17 years of age to apply to medical colleges in the Philippines.
  • To apply to medical colleges in the Philippines, you must have a minimum of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in your 12th grade.
  • In addition, you must pass the NEET test and must have English as a subject in high school.

Scholarships for MBBS Study in the Philippines

  • One of the finest aspects of universities in the Philippines is that they provide scholarships to overseas students.
  • Students can contact university administrators to learn more about the specific scholarship programs.

Career Scope After MBBS in the Philippines.

  • Students who graduate from Philippine institutions enjoy a plethora of job opportunities.
  • Potential students have a bright chance to relocate to the United States or the United Kingdom for their higher education.
  • Students may also continue their education by enrolling in postgraduate programs at universities in the Philippines.

Fees Structure – MBBS in the Philippines

University NameCourse FeesHostel Fees
Our Lady of Fatima University (OLFU)39600 USD2000 USD
University of Perpetual Help System Dalta22200 USD1200 USD
Cebu Doctors’ University22000 USD1000 USD
Manila Central University – FDTMF College of Medicine22000 USD1000 USD
AMA School of Medicine, Makati, Metro Manila18000 USD1000 USD
Lyceum-Northwestern University18000 USD800 USD
Bicol Christian College of Medicine13000 USD900 USD

Accommodation in the Philippines

  • MBBS Students studying at Philippines universities have good accommodation alternatives.
  • Students can reside in university dorms.
  • The majority of university hostels are either single or shared.
  • Furniture is provided in the hostels.
  • Along with the tuition, students must pay the cost of the hostel.


  • The Philippines is the ideal place to pursue MBBS. The Philippines Medical degree is well-known worldwide.
  • Students going to study MBBS in the Philippines will feel comfortable as the Filipinos are welcoming hosts.
  • The MBBS students can get intercultural experience by interacting with students from other cultures and walks of life.
  • Some of the finest universities in the Philippines have collaborations with other universities throughout the world, and their faculties include skilled professors and academics.

We hope you enjoyed reading this blog post. If you have any doubts, you can reach us here.

You can also leave a comment below and share your thoughts.

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